Tanzania Cultural Tourism Programmes

Traditional processing of Arabica Coffee in Masama TanzaniaMasama Cultural Tourism Programme

Kahawa Migombani – Total time: 2 to 3 hours
Coffee plantations on the villages surrounds the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania produce some of the world's finest Arabica coffee. Masama village been one among the villages which surround the slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro, is located 10 kilometers off from Moshi – Arusha road. Masama Cultural Tourism Programme offers a perfect package of Kahawa Migombani cultural tour.

The tour exposes visitors into different local activities:

- Visiting the smallholder coffee growers.
- Learn the history and success stories of the Arabica coffee plantations.
- Coffee harvesting (July - December)
- Coffee processing
- Coffee packaging
- Traditional preparation of cup of coffee
- Testing or drinking your Arabica cup of coffee

Why Kahawa Migombani
“Kahawa is a Swahil name which stands for Coffee” while “Migombani stands for banana farm” The mineral nutrients from volcanic soils and banana trees grown in coffee farms contributes to a balanced flavors, pleasant aroma as well as sweet taste (normally of a sweet banana flavor). Visiting Masama Cultural Tourism Programme will enrich you with the culture and lifestyle of Arabica coffee growers who live on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro.

Arabica Coffee Tour in Kilimanjaro TanzaniaTraditional Food – Total time: (normal lunch - 45 minutes)
Kahawa Migombani goes well with well prepared palatable traditional cuisine. With banana ingredients more than four delicious banana dishes can be prepared. Mixed other dishes accompanied with seasonal fruits are also available.

Note: Full participatory in preparation of these traditional food – Total time: (2 hours)

Mula Market visit – Total time: 1 hour
Each Monday and Thursday of the week in Masama village we have a local market. Participation in this amazing 80% traditional trading of the common organic products including bananas, vegetables and chickens are of a common occurrence in this particular market.

Clients and other interested parties are encouraged to visit not only Kahawa Migombani but also the rest of the traditional concern in Masama village.

Come one came all.

Materuni Cultural Tourism

"A village nestled at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro waiting you to explore"

Materuni is one of the few villages of wonder in Northern Tanzania sitting at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro. The village is blessed with full of all the beauty worth much visiting for holiday, week-end outing or vacation. While in the village, scenic view of Moshi Town and Mount Kilimanjaro is astonishing. This green village with fresh air from green vegetations welcomes visitors to explore the beauty of the land and cultural heritage of the Chagga people.

The following tours are on offer:
- Mnambe waterfall tour
- Local Market Tour
- Local brew
- Chagga traditional Dance
- Coffee & banana farm tour
- Volunteering opportunity

Tour options:

Waterfall tour (2 hrs)
The tour starts from tourism office at Materuni village then take a walk though banana and coffee plantation identifying different species of bananas as you’re going to the “Mnambe” waterfall where you will enjoy swimming in a natural pool.

Local brew (1 hrs)
Here you will get to learn all the procedures for brewing local beer, “Mmbege”as someone will be demonstrating the material and utensils used to prepare “mmbege”.you will appreciate fantastic test of the beer which is served in a traditional glass called “kipata”.

Coffee Tour (2-3 hrs)
The tour takes you around the coffee small farms owned by the villagers where an opportunity to learn traditional ways of growing coffee, harvesting and preparing it for drinking is guaranteed.

Farm Tour (2 hrs)
Visit the villager’s farms where your Tour guide will be explain different methods practiced by Chagga people on mixed farming and show how the crops are traditionally stored for future use and for economic benefits. You will also learn how agro-forestry activities in highland ecosystems has been beneficial to people, landscape and wild animals.

Traditional Dance (10-30 min)
While you’re enjoying your stay in Materuni you will experience a chagga dance which is performed by a group of men and women performing songs for different occasions such as welcoming guests, ceremonial dances and crop harvesting songs.

Kilimanjaro Rainforest Hikes (4-5 hrs)
On your guided trek you will walk uphill to the rainforest exploring some indigenous species of flora and fauna found around the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro. The touring area hilly standing around 1700 m above mean sea level full of fresh air and very good indeed for acclimatizing for those who carefully preparing to conquer. Enjoy scenic view of Moshi town and rolling landscape of the foot of Kilimanjaro.

Story Telling
You will meet people of different ages and get an opportunity to interact. Elder people “Wazee” will tell you stories about the Chagga people, their origin, traditions and other things such as the tribal war.

Volunteer Programme
Materuni cultural tourism receives and arrange for volunteers who are interested to work in health and educational sectors around their areas.

Mamba & Marangu Cultural Tourism Programme

Mamba and Marangu in the Kilimanjaro area have both natural and cultural heritage to offer the visitor. There are more than seven waterfalls in the vicinity, unique flora with tree, flower and fruit nurseries and fauna. Tour the slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro and ascend to beautiful viewpoints. Tours through Marangu offers panoramic view of Mt. Kilimanjaro.

Visit the home and memorial of the late Yohana Lauwo, a Marangu native who accompanied Dr. Hans Meyer on the first recorded climb of Kilimanjaro in 1889, and read the original log books of Lauwo. Customised half day, full day or two day walking safaris can be organised. These tours include the Kinukamori and Moonjo falls and a visit to a Chagga house made of straw-roofing. See the first coffee tree planted in Tanzania and climb up Ngangu Hill. A trip to the African Art Centre that houses a collection of ancient and modern sculptures, carvings and painting, is rewarding. Mamba is a paradise for birdwatchers and nature lovers.

Enjoy scenic waterfalls, tree, flower and fruit nurseries, pass historical sites including the Lake Holes - large hiding caves used during the Chagga – Masai wars, visit a wood carving school, meet a local blacksmith using ethnic methods to prepare spears and tools, and experience Chagga culture by visiting a traditional Chagga house.

Mto Wa Mbu Cultural Tourism Programme

Mto wa Mbu is situated on the way from Arusha to the national parks in northern Tanzania, just at the foot of the Rift Valley. Located on the way to Ngorongoro and Serengeti, it is an ideal resting place for most safari travellers.

A visit to Mto Wa Mbu includes:
- A walk thought the farms in the green oasis at the foot of the Rift Valley
- A climb to Balaa Hill from where you can see the whole town
- A view into the culture of the many different tribes living in the area
- A trip to the Miwaleni Lake and waterfall
- Visit to development projects that aim at improving agriculture and start income generating activities for the farmers
- Explanation about the irrigation system.

Different tours are on offer:

Climbing Balaa Hill (3 - 6 hours)
Climb to the top of the Rift Valley wall for breath-taking views of Lake Manyara, the village of Mto wa Mbu, and the Maasai Steppe beyond. Also, see a diverse array of local bird species and magnificent 2,000 year old baobab trees.

Maasai Boma tour (3 - 4 hours)
Visit a Maasai boma and see the lifestyle of this legendary tribe upclose. Along with a guided tour of the boma and an introduction to the local Maasai population, tribesmen will offer to paint traditional Maasai tattoos for visitors and even let them milk their prized cows.

Maasai Market tour (2-4 hours)
Hundreds of Maasai gather each Thursday afternoon at the busting Maasai market, where visitors have the chance to see their crafts and taste their food, including the famous Maasai BBQ. A larger, village-wide market occurs on the 22nd of each month.

Village walks (2-4 hours)
Get an inside look at the homes and exquisite craft of Mto wa Mbu’s many tribes. Visitors will get a chance to meet locals and learn about banana beer, Makonde woodcarvings, and the tribal painting techniques; the village provides a great introduction to everyday life in Africa.

Farm tour (1-4 hours)
See the innovative farming practices of Mto wa Mbu villagers and learn about the irrigation system that sustains local crops, including the 32 varieties of bananas.

Miwaleni Waterfall and Lake tour (3-5 hours)
Bike or hike to this impressive lake and waterfall, both lined with thriving papyrus plants. At night, leopards and hippos frequent the area, but during the day, visitors can swim in the refreshing pool beneath the falls.

Biking to Lake Manyara (2-5 hours)
Bike to the coast of one of Africa’s most majestic lake and get an amazing opportunity to view wildlife like zebras, giraffes, hippos and buffaloes at close range in this corridor of migration between the national parks.

Lunch at Mama’s (1-2 hours)
Enjoy a delicious, home-cooked meal in a local Mom’s home. Over lunch, the guide will provide a history of the region and the many local tribes.

Engaruka Cultural Tourism Programme

Engaruka, situated 63 km north of Mto wa Mbu, on the road to Oldonyo Lengai and Lake Natron lies at the foot of the Rift Valley escarpment. It is an important historic site as some 500 years ago, a farming community of several thousand people chose to develop and indigenous irrigation and cultivation system here. For unknown reasons, the farmers left Engaruka around 1700, but the ruins talk volumes about the highly specialized agricultural economy.

The people of Engaruka offer visitors the following attractions:
- A guided visit to one of the oldest African irrigation systems
- A visit to the Maasai cattle market
- A visit to a Maasai Boma
- Walking safaris in an area of outstanding beauty
- A look at the local community life.

There are various guided tour options:

Half day tours
1. Visit to the ruined city you can see the remnants of the ruined city of Engaruka. The guide will help you to identify old graves, house walls, irrigation canals and terraces, and explain the various theories about the rise and fall of the farming community. Enjoy enroute, the colourful birds and butterflies, remnants. Of the German era, and also visit an ‘orpul’ or Maasai slaughterhouse.

2. Engaruka farming tour from the ruins, walk to the village of Engaruka, Enroute, visit several farms and learn about various farming and irrigation methods. The guide will throw light on the tribal background of the village. On the way back, visit the market area located in the shade of an Africa tulip tree and a huge mkuyu tree.

3. Rift Valley escarpment tour from the ruined city, narrow footpaths wind up the Rift Valley escarpment. Climb the escarpment guided by a Maasai warrior, who will help you spot many colourful birds and show you trees and plants that the Maasai use for making food and medicines.

One day tour
Kerimasi mountain climb North of Engaruka is the green mountain of Kerimasi. The climb takes three to four hours from the foot to the summit. From the top, you see impressive views of Oldoinyo Lengai, Lake Natron, the Ngorongoro highlands and the mountains of Kitumbeine and Gelai. The descent takes about two hours.

Two day tour
Hike to Oldoinyo Lengai Conquer Oldoinyo Lengai or ‘the mountain of God’ in Maasai parlance. On the first day, you climb Kerimasi Mountain and descend on the north side to camp at the foot of Oldoinyo Lengai, the only active volcano in Tanzania. On the morning of the second day, start the 4-5 hour climb to the top, where you an even enter the crater to watch the volcanic activity. The descent takes about 2 1/2 hours.

Haydom Four Corners Cultural Programme (H4CCP)

We have a story to tell
We have a story to tell you about Africa. It is a story being lived as we speak. It is a story the world seldom hears because of all the other tales of wars and famine from our continent. It’s a story full of hope and beauty, of peace and coexistence, of culture and values.

We don’t know when the story started, neither do we know when it will end. We only know when it started involving us. We, telling you this story, are the elders of Africa. We represent the four corners of Africa, the four main language groups of our continent. We are the Niger-Congo Language family represented by the Bantu speaking Isanzu and Iramba tribes, the Khoisan language family represented by the Hadzabe tribe, the Nilo-Saharan language group represented by the Nilotic Datoga tribe, and the Afro-Asiatic Language Family represented by the Cushitic speaking Iraqw tribe.

But let us tell you who we are and how we came to meet.

Haydom is a name from the Datoga tribe of the Nilotic language group meaning a redbrown bull. Haydom was a place in nowhere, a few of us from the nomadic pastoralists Nilots of the Datoga tribe, would wander down from the North in search of pasture for our cows. We would meet from time to time with the Hadzabe tribe of the Khoisan language group who wandered in search of animals and roots since they were hunters and gatherers. We, the elders of the Khoisan, know we have always been here close to Haydom. But many seem to believe that our forefathers wandered to the south of Africa since we share the language characteristics of the Sans.

Nevertheless, we met, the Nilot and the Khoisan. Sometimes we would fight, sometimes exchange items and sometimes just keep a respectful distance. The Iraqw of the Cushitic language group, who usually lived in Mama Isara, a bit away from Haydom to the east, started to come. The Cushitic as you know, had moved from Ethiopia into Tanzania a long,long time ago. The Bantu, who had moved into Tanzania from the West of Africa, also started moving in. And so it was, that the Isanzu tribe and the Iramba tribe of the Bantu language group started to plough their fields and tend their small holdings around Haydom.

So here we are - we came from the four corners of Africa and met here. And here is where we started the story of our life time, the story of the four corners.

Haydom in Tanzania is the only place in Africa where the four language groups meet! And what’s more, there has never been a battle or a war. Of course, there have been neighbouring shuffle for land or a kill over cattle, and certainly misunderstandings over cultural values - but never a war. The wars belong to the others, those we came from, not to whom we became together.

"We, the elders of four language groups of Africa, have built this programme with our own hearts and minds. And we will keep on telling our story, because we believe it is important for the world to hear.

Though our languages may differ, our story remains the same. In a world that daily tells us tales of conflicting identities, we have found reason to celebrate our differences and learn from each other. Our coexistence is dependent on understanding and respecting both ourselves and our neighbours"

Will you help us tell our story?

We graciously welcome you to explore, learn and know how we live in Haydom, the history of the four ethno-linguistic groups of African tribes, local royalty from the ancient to the Germany and British colonial era. You will come to know how and when Haydom was born and its hair raising adventurous history.


Haydom Cultural Centre tour (1-3 hours)
You will embark on a guided tour around the centre. Visit the Museum with cultural artifacts collected from five different tribes: Datoga, Hadzabe, Iraqw, Nyisanzu and Nyiramba tribes. Explore traditional houses of the representing groups built within the centre and listen to stories about the culture of represented communities and get to know where they came from and when they met. Participate on various traditional sports like archery and later enjoy a Barbeque prepared on request.
Combined Trip—Harar hill hiking: view point of the Yaeda valley (Home of Hadzabe tribes men), Lake Eyasi & Ngorongoro highland or visit to Blacksmith (Datoga tribe).

Murkuchida Rock paints tour (5-8 hours, 22Km from Haydom)
Your tour starts from Haydom, drive or ride the bike to Murkuchida village and walk for 40 minutes through various rock outcrops until you get to the painted rocks. Explore the rock art paints while listening to well narrated stories and facts about rock art paints of Africa. Combined cultural tour to Iraqw family in the village where you will meet the local people and share stories and get to know how they coexist with other tribes living around. Proceed to Tsangwali rock art paints and then drive back to Haydom in the evening. Biking tour can be arranged on request.

Hadzabe expeditions (8 hours/Full day tour)
Beginning at Haydom, drive down the steep slopes of the Rift Valley Escarpment toward the rising savannah heat of Yaeda valley, sweet home of Hadzabe community. Around rock outcrops trace a Hadza family where your life skills adventure will begin looking for food in traditional ways as your hosts do. You will spend your day hunting with Hadza, collecting fruits, debarking edible plants, collecting roots, looking for honey and sharing stories and life experiences. An opportunity to learn the entire culture of these people with the oldest remaining culture of hunting & gathering is guaranteed.

Haydom Town Tour (2-3 hours)
Explore Haydom and learn about its rich history. View the town’s typical structures, shopping areas, local markets, local schools and recreational places. On 15th, 16th and 17th of each Month and on each last day and 1st of the month, this tour can be combined with a visit to the colorful Haydom cattle, clothes, local brews and vegetable market.

(This tour can also be done by biking; this will provide an opportunity to see a larger area of the town and its outskirts)

…Hippo pool tour
From Haydom drive/bike down to Bassotu, proceed to …. Hippo pool through Ghama crater lake. Explore water birds and listen to stories about …. Hippos believed to inhabit the pool since pre-historic times

Crater lakes tour (1-2 hours)
Explore Gidamunyoda and Ghama crater lakes, paradise of birds formed by falling asteroids in the area. Listen to well narrated stories of the history and myth about the lakes and explore its plan and birdlife.

Combination: This tour can be combined with Bassotu canoeing tour, Mulbadaw wheat farm tour and visit to nearby hippo pool

Bassotu canoing tour (1-2 hours)
Explore Lake Bassotu and learn about its rich history. View the town’s typical structures; learn about local people’s cultures and their fishing practice around the lake. Enjoy bird watching and plant life of the area

(Bassotu can also be accessed by biking (1-1.5 hours biking) or driving for 30 minutes from Haydom)

Mulbadaw wheat Farm tour (2-8hours)
Walk through the fertile farmlands of Mulbadaw wheat farm which is part of the former Hanang Wheat Complex. Get to know the process it takes to grow, harvest and process wheat. Listen to the history of wheat farming in Tanzania and other projects operated to support the farm. Extend the visit to tree nursery and become part of environmental restoration campaign of the Mulbadaw farm community. Enjoy a view of Mount Hanang and the rest of rolling landscapes of the Farm at the view point in the midst of the 14,000 acres' farm. On request Barbeque sundowner can be organized for you while enjoying a nice sunset and sometimes moonrise behind Mount Hanang
Combined Trip— On your request the tour can be extended to include Bassotu Canoeing Tour, crater lakes tour and Mount Hanang trekking

Visit to Blacksmith family (2-4 hours)
A short biking or walking tour from from Haydom, through beautifully villages in the land of Datoga tribes men. Learn about their blacksmith skills as demonstrated and buy their locally made bracelet and other types of products.

Harar Hill Hiking (2-6 hours)
From Haydom, walk through the villages of Ng’wandakw, Basonyagwe and Harar to the foot of Harar hill famous for its spectacular 360 degrees view and views of Yaeda valley (Home of Hadza), Mount Hanang, Dominic Onion pads, Ngorongoro highland, Lake Eyasi, Haydom hill, Mount Hanang and surrounding villages with various crop farms.

(The tour is ideal for those acclimatizing for Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru climbs)


Bassotu tour (2-3 days)
Bike through traditional villages, and farmland; and experience the traditional life of the Datoga people. Explore Lake Bassotu by canoeing, fishing with local fishermen, bird watching and visiting nearby crater lakes of Ghama and Gidamunyoda. Proceed to Hippo pool and Mulbadaw wheat farm where you will learn about wheat production, tree planting and animal husbandry. Enjoy scenic view of rolling landscapes with escarpments, salt lakes and Mount Hanang, sunset and moonrise. This trip includes many opportunities to visit and learn about the development projects supported by our program and several short walks. Return to Haydom by bike or car.

Mount Hanang trekking (2 days)
From Haydom in the morning, you will drive to Hanang and start trekking in the afternoon. Trek for 6 hours to the peak of Mount Hanang through spectacular views of an exceptionally beautiful Rift Valley landscape full of small craters, Rift Valley escarpment, Lake Balangida and Balang'dalalu, surrounding farmlands and villages.

Camp at the roof for your overnight and climb down next morning after sunrise for 4 hours to the foot of the mountain. Proceed to Mulbadaw wheat farm for breakfast and short farm tour. Drive back to Haydom after lunch through crater lakes and the hippo pool.

(Facts about Mount Hanang: It stands at an altitude of about 3400 a.m.s.l making it the fourth highest mountain in Tanzania, ideal for acclimatizing for trekking Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru)

Bassotu tour & Mount Hanang trekking (2-3 days)
From Haydom drive down to Bassotu, walk to through the village, interact with local people, explore lake Bassotu, Crater lakes and Hippo pool. Learn about wheat production in Mulbadaw wheat farm, visit a view point of the farm and Mount Hanang before proceeding for Mount Hanang climb that takes 10 hours (6hours ascending, 4 hours descending).

Hadzabe trekking-Yaeda valley (2-3 days)
Drive down to Yaeda valley, home of Hadzabe trace a family of Hadza and start life skills expedition tour. Trek through the wilderness hunting/collecting fruits/roots/honey and medicinal plants with Hadzabe. Overnight in a camping ground and get an opportunity to share stories with Hadza people. Wake up early in the morning for early morning home chores. After lunch drive to Datoga family and learn about their daily life, pastoralist heritage and how they coexist with their neighbors; Hadzabe, Iraqw and Bantu tribes around. Overnight in a camp and after morning home chore experience, drive back to Haydom before/after lunch.

Kilimanjaro Acclimatization ( 3-5 Days)
Lets acclimatize together by walking to the Roof of Mount Hanang and other higher altitude villages/hills like Harar and have what you deserve to conquer the roof of Africa even Mount Meru in regard to physical fitness as a result of good training before trekking. The package will be prepared on request

Haydom bike tours ( 1-5 Days)
The Haydom is the best place for the mountain bikes, we save both sportsman and others who are in needs to bike and experience the villages, the farms, natural and cultural beauty of Haydom and surrounding villages

Homestay programme
You will stay with a family in Haydom to learn more about the life of the people. An opportunity to participate on daily home chores as per local culture is guaranteed.

Friendship tree planting initiative
Be part of our environmental conservation initiative by planting a ‘friendship tree’ that will bear two names. One name will be yours and the other one your new Tanzanian friend. Your new friend will continue taking care of the tree as a sign for your friendship. By doing this locals know the value of planting trees and we do play our role of conserving our planet’s environment when on travel.

Haydom Cultural Festival
Be part of an annual cultural celebration event ‘Haydom Cultural Festival’ which takes place during the first week of September. This event is staged at Haydom Cultural Centre; bringing together the four main languages groups. Hosted in the rural Tanzania, the event provides rural population and visitors with an opportunity to integrate with various exhibitors while celebrating their cultural values including traditional artifacts shows, traditional dance performances and competitions, cultural film shows and various traditional sports of Datoga, Hadzabe, Iraqw, Nyiramba and Nyisanzu tribes.

Amazing Usambara Trekking Safari

Amazing usambara trekking and safari co.ltd Established in 2007, run by Local Citizen Known as RONALDO BUNZO MVUNGI a graduate of Magamba Secondary School in Lushoto Tanga region.

P. O. Box 1398, Moshi, Tanzania

+ 255 754 317462, + 255 786 947157

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